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STEVE INSKEEP, HOST:

Will President Biden genuinely negotiate with Republicans more than paying out the nation’s expenditures?

A MARTÍNEZ, HOST:

The president fulfills these days with congressional leaders, and that contains Household Speaker Kevin McCarthy. Home Republicans have nonetheless to agree to increase federal borrowing authority. Biden has claimed he won’t negotiate more than having to pay the expenses that Congress has passed in the very first location. But the analyst Julian Zelizer of Princeton told us the other day that his solutions are restricted.

JULIAN ZELIZER: The dilemma is if Republicans are ready to go through with this, that means there is a possible for a default except if the president will take incredible steps, like utilizing the 14th Modification to pay back for the government’s costs. If he’s not inclined to do that, he does not have as much leverage, I believe, as some Democrats hope.

INSKEEP: NPR’s Claudia Grisales is covering the tale. Claudia, excellent early morning.

CLAUDIA GRISALES, BYLINE: Superior morning, Steve.

INSKEEP: Who all’s attending this assembly?

GRISALES: So Biden and McCarthy will be part of Senate The greater part Leader Chuck Schumer, Senate Minority Chief Mitch McConnell and Dwelling Democratic Leader Hakeem Jeffries for this 4 p.m. Jap meeting. And it can be heading to be the to start with conversation for this team – the initially joint discussion – given that this struggle over the personal debt restrict bought underway. It is really also the very first considering that Dwelling Republicans passed a bill that they dubbed the Restrict, Conserve, Increase Act, which would raise the personal debt ceiling by 1.5 trillion or until eventually March of upcoming calendar year, whichever transpires initial. And that laws consists of significant cuts in governing administration paying more than the following numerous many years. It claws back Biden initiatives and unspent money from payments this sort of as the pandemic reduction assist.

And to illustrate how far aside these two sides are, Democrats have dubbed this monthly bill the Default on The usa Act, calling it a ransom take note to the American folks. So likely into this, we are not expecting a main breakthrough currently on a long term deal.

INSKEEP: Ok. Default on The us – DOA. Type of tricky to miss the joke there.

GRISALES: Precisely. Just.

INSKEEP: But they are in the area. They are struggling with just about every other. They are talking. What troubles would they experience in reaching some accommodation?

GRISALES: So Residence Republicans, in their debt restrict bill, that marked one particular of their greatest checks yet for McCarthy as speaker. It cleared the chamber by a vote of 217-215 – so a reminder of the limited margins there, even on a partisan would like listing bill. So their opening bid in this article in these talks marks leverage for Republicans to get started these conversations. They only handle a person chamber in this divided government state of affairs. And even though Biden has explained the credit card debt restrict is not negotiable, he will have to see what paying out cuts or other concessions his get together could have an appetite for. But both equally experience major political outcomes right here, with Biden and McCarthy in each and every of their roles for the initially time and Biden managing for reelection for the presidency.

INSKEEP: Yeah, Biden running for reelection and McCarthy trying to continue to keep his career with a fractious caucus that is just barely driving him.

GRISALES: Suitable.

INSKEEP: How does this look at to the very last time this turned a disaster, which was 2011?

GRISALES: Two figures from today’s assembly – Biden is then vice president and McConnell in the Senate at the time – aided broker a deal as they worked with other negotiators. But they arrived in days of the breach, and the U.S. credit score ranking was downgraded for the to start with time. But this time, it truly is a a lot extra partisan state of affairs. McConnell and other vital Senate Republicans say they are powering McCarthy on this and say Biden needs to negotiate. And McCarthy is a a great deal less common opponent for negotiations for Biden on this.

INSKEEP: Yeah, I guess we really should be aware Biden, of course, was vice president in 2011, but properly president…

GRISALES: Right.

INSKEEP: …Of the Senate and had been a long-time senator.

GRISALES: Yeah.

INSKEEP: So – a single of them. Claudia, many thanks so much.

GRISALES: Thank you much.

INSKEEP: NPR’s Claudia Grisales.

(SOUNDBITE OF New music)

INSKEEP: All appropriate. Russia held its Victory Working day celebrations. Soldiers in dress uniforms marched with arms swinging across Crimson Sq. outside the Kremlin.

(SOUNDBITE OF New music)

MARTÍNEZ: This is an once-a-year occasion marking the Soviet Union’s victory over Nazi Germany in World War II, but it truly is tough to look at without imagining about the other war. That’s Russia’s invasion of Ukraine. Overnight, Russia done airstrikes on the Ukrainian money, Kyiv, and other targets. Ukrainian officials say they intercepted almost all the Russian missiles.

INSKEEP: NPR’s Russia correspondent Charles Maynes has been looking at the ceremonies in Moscow. Hey there, Charles.

CHARLES MAYNES, BYLINE: Fantastic early morning.

INSKEEP: So what stood out for you as much as what was there or what was not there on Purple Sq. today?

MAYNES: Properly, you know, the ceremony on Pink Square intentionally echoes the grand Soviet navy parades of the past, still this year’s occasion appears considerably muted, I would say. There had been just a several global leaders in attendance. There were being less troops, fewer tanks and missiles on screen than, say, very last 12 months, perhaps because of the questionable optics of employing the finest of what Russia has in a televised parade whilst actual overcome is heading on in Ukraine. Now, as he did past yr, Putin drew immediate parallels concerning the Soviet victory in 1945 and Russian forces battling what he identified as a cult of Nazism today. In truth, there have been soldiers and army families from the existing military campaign in the audience, and Putin dealt with them straight.

(SOUNDBITE OF ARCHIVED RECORDING)

PRESIDENT VLADIMIR PUTIN: (Speaking Russian).

MAYNES: So below, Putin tells them there is certainly very little a lot more crucial than their beat obligation today and that they’re battling for the long term of the Russian persons in the nation. Now, it’s really worth pointing out that even just before the war in Ukraine, some Russians ended up remarkably uncomfortable with the way Putin has politicized this getaway in general. But amid the fighting in Ukraine, there’s actual issue that these comparisons with Globe War II undermine respectable satisfaction in the Soviet defeat of Nazi Germany – a war effort, I remind you, that took additional than 20 million life.

INSKEEP: Yeah. What was stability like, given that Russia suggests there had been drone assaults on the Kremlin the other working day?

MAYNES: Properly, it can be never ever free, but protection was tighter this calendar year, in component for the reason that of these drone incidents around which there is certainly still a great deal of concerns as to what essentially took place. We just will not know. What we do know is there had been presently problems more than safety amid the holiday getaway. Nationally, authorities scrapped ceremonies in which Russians honor relatives users who died in Earth War II by marching with photographs of them through the streets. Now, formally, that determination was manufactured due to security issues. But once again, you know, you have to question about the optics of Russians carrying images of dead soldiers, particularly as there is certainly this intensive discussion more than the genuine figures of casualties in Ukraine.

INSKEEP: Properly, let us discuss about that. Do you get any feeling of how Russian leaders, insiders, really feel about the way the war is likely in Ukraine?

MAYNES: Effectively, this holiday, it comes as we see major Russian military figures, not for the first time, at each other’s throats. In specific, the head of the main Russian mercenary drive, the Wagner team, has, in current days, publicly laid into the protection minister more than a lack of ammunition and other challenges. And once again, it just plays this distinction involving previous and present. Environment War II is this tale of unbelievable sacrifice that affected virtually every single family members in the Soviet Union, such as, I could incorporate, Ukrainian families, and it’s a story we know finished in victory. The war in Ukraine, on the other hand, is a tale of a armed service campaign where the armed forces has so much struggled to reach its plans. And it’s a tale whose conclusion nonetheless seems pretty significantly in question.

INSKEEP: NPR’s Charles Maynes is in Moscow. And, Charles, I am happy you are there. Thanks really a great deal for your insights.

MAYNES: Thank you.

(SOUNDBITE OF Music)

INSKEEP: For the to start with time, the American Psychological Affiliation is issuing recommendations for teenagers’ use of social media.

MARTÍNEZ: And it will come at a time when teens and tweens are experiencing substantial premiums of despair, nervousness and loneliness. There’s proof that social media can make all of individuals complications even worse.

INSKEEP: NPR mental health correspondent Michaeleen Doucleff is below. Superior morning.

MICHAELEEN DOUCLEFF, BYLINE: Superior early morning, Steve.

INSKEEP: Okay, what do they recommend?

DOUCLEFF: So the suggestions focus truly on two key details. To start with is the content on kids’ feeds. The APA states mother and father will need to make certain to lower harmful information, like that connected to suicide, ingesting ailments and racism. Research propose that publicity to these unsafe behaviors can essentially market them in some youngsters.

INSKEEP: And I would imagine that some small children see that sort of matter typically.

DOUCLEFF: You know, it has develop into much more popular than perhaps lots of mother and father notice. A the latest study of teenage girls employing social media observed that much more than a third appear throughout written content relevant to suicide or having conditions at least once a thirty day period. Dr. Arthur C. Evans is a CEO for the APA. He says mom and dad also will need to be aware of cyber dislike and cyber bullying.

ARTHUR C EVANS: Online cyber bullying can be extra harmful than offline bullying. So there’s an effects that is greater for on-line bullying.

DOUCLEFF: So the APA recommendations say that for kids under age 15 or so, dad and mom should seriously be with the youngster when they use social media.

EVANS: As children come to be more mature, you might be heading to be spending extra time coaching, chatting, serving to to educate your little one.

DOUCLEFF: The APA also notes that this hazardous materials actually shouldn’t be in the kid’s feed in the 1st position, and that that obligation sits mainly with the tech companies building these platforms.

INSKEEP: And nonetheless the tips place a ton of load on the moms and dads. The strategy of being there all the time your child is close to a display seems problematic. Is that the appropriate word?

DOUCLEFF: Definitely. And checking the feeds – ideal? – is difficult.

INSKEEP: Yeah. Yeah.

DOUCLEFF: It is really a criticism I am listening to from a whole lot of clinicians. 1 of them is Bob Keane. He is a psychologist at Walden Behavioral Care, which aids teenagers with consuming conditions. He states it is really unrealistic to count on moms and dads to be in a position to keep track of kids’ accounts like this, particularly when little ones know more about social media than mother and father do.

BOB KEANE: We’re in a disaster below, and a family’s ability or parent’s capacity to regulate this correct now is really constrained. And that’s, I believe, what people really will need assist with. What do we do? You can not check kids’ utilization on this as a dad or mum. It really is genuinely – they get away from you.

DOUCLEFF: So many psychologists convey to me this steering genuinely won’t be able to be applied with out cooperation from tech businesses or some federal regulation.

INSKEEP: Ok. Very well, until finally that occurs, is there just about anything else mother and father can do?

DOUCLEFF: Yeah. You know, the other huge suggestion is to get little ones teaching before they commence social media or when they are on it. They have to have to be taught about this unsafe information and the reality that a good deal on social media is a highlight reel of people’s lives, proper? It’s not truth. Research clearly show that when teenagers evaluate them selves to these photos, it can result in despair. And don’t forget, these platforms can be addictive. The algorithms attempt to continue to keep young children on these platforms as extensive as probable. So one tangible piece of advice I’m listening to, Steve, is for families to have periods in the day where nobody in the family members is utilizing social media at all.

INSKEEP: Oh, I am sorry, Michaeleen. I was just checking Instagram. What had been you expressing?

DOUCLEFF: (Laughter).

INSKEEP: I am just kidding.

DOUCLEFF: No social media for an hour – anyone.

INSKEEP: Got you. There we go. Excellent. Fantastic. I am going to go for that. Michaeleen, thanks so significantly.

DOUCLEFF: Thank you, Steve.

INSKEEP: That’s NPR mental wellbeing correspondent Michaeleen Doucleff. And significantly, if you or someone you know could be looking at suicide, call the 988 Suicide & Crisis Lifeline by calling or texting 988.

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